FERPA stands for the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act, a federal law in the United States that protects the privacy of student education records. FERPA applies to all educational institutions that receive funding from the U.S. Department of Education.
FERPA grants certain rights to parents and eligible students (students who have reached the age of 18 or are attending a post-secondary institution). These rights include the right to access and review education records, the right to request the amendment of inaccurate or misleading information, and the right to control the disclosure of personally identifiable information.
Under FERPA, educational institutions must have written permission from parents or eligible students before disclosing personally identifiable information from education records, except in certain limited circumstances. The law also requires educational institutions to maintain the confidentiality and security of student records and provide annual notification of FERPA rights to parents and eligible students.
FERPA plays a crucial role in protecting the privacy and confidentiality of student information. It ensures that students and their families have control over their educational records and safeguards sensitive information from unauthorized disclosure.