Retrieval practice, also known as the testing effect or active recall, is a learning strategy that involves actively recalling information from memory. Instead of passively reviewing study materials, students engage in the act of retrieving facts, concepts, or ideas without looking at the source material.
Research has shown that retrieval practice enhances long-term retention and promotes a deeper understanding of the material. It helps solidify learning and strengthens memory recall by reinforcing neural pathways associated with the retrieved information.
Retrieval practice can take various forms, such as self-quizzing, flashcards, free recall, or answering questions based on the study material.
Educators often incorporate retrieval practice into their teaching methods to support meaningful learning and improve students' ability to recall information during exams and in real-world applications.