Cognitive apprenticeship is an instructional approach that emphasizes learning through hands-on experience and active participation in real-world tasks. This approach draws on the traditional apprenticeship model, where novices work closely with experts to learn complex skills and problem-solving techniques.
In cognitive apprenticeship, educators or mentors model the thinking processes and strategies required for a particular task or domain. They provide explicit demonstrations, thinking aloud, and explanations to make their thought processes transparent to learners.
As novices progress, cognitive apprenticeship involves gradually shifting responsibility to the learners, allowing them to engage in guided practice, reflection, and independent application of their skills.
Cognitive apprenticeship is often used in teaching complex and domain-specific skills, such as scientific inquiry, problem-solving, or artistic expression.