Team-Based Learning (TBL) is a collaborative learning strategy used in education to promote active engagement and critical thinking. In TBL, students work together in teams to solve complex problems, complete assignments, and engage in discussions.
TBL typically involves the following components:
Individual Preparation: Students are assigned pre-class readings or materials to review independently before the class session.
Individual Readiness Assurance Test (iRAT): In the classroom, students take an individual quiz to assess their understanding of the preparatory materials.
Team Readiness Assurance Test (tRAT): After completing the iRAT, students join their teams to take the same quiz again. This promotes team discussion and collaboration.
Application Activities: Following the tRAT, teams engage in application activities that require problem-solving, critical thinking, and group decision-making.
Instructor Feedback: The instructor provides feedback and clarification on the application activities, reinforcing key concepts and facilitating deeper understanding.
TBL encourages active learning, fosters teamwork and communication skills, and promotes a deeper comprehension of the subject matter.