Homogeneous grouping is an instructional practice where students with similar abilities, learning styles, or needs are grouped together for instruction. In homogeneous groups, all students within a group are at approximately the same level of academic readiness or proficiency in a particular subject or skill.
Educators may use homogeneous grouping to tailor instruction to the specific needs of the students within the group. By providing targeted instruction and materials that match the students' abilities, educators can differentiate their teaching to better meet individual learning needs.
Homogeneous grouping can be beneficial in certain contexts, as it allows educators to address common challenges or accelerate learning for students who are already performing at an advanced level. It may also provide a supportive environment for students who may benefit from targeted interventions or additional support.
However, critics of homogeneous grouping raise concerns about potential negative effects on social development and diversity in the classroom. They argue that such grouping may perpetuate achievement gaps and limit opportunities for collaborative learning and exposure to diverse perspectives.