An achievement test is an assessment tool used to measure a student's knowledge, skills, or competencies in a specific subject area. It is designed to evaluate the level of mastery or accomplishment attained by an individual in relation to predetermined learning objectives or standards.
Achievement tests are typically administered at the end of a course, unit, or academic year to gauge the extent to which students have acquired the intended knowledge and skills. These tests provide valuable information about students' academic performance, identifying areas of strength and areas that may require further attention.
Unlike aptitude tests, which measure a student's potential or capacity to learn, achievement tests focus on assessing what students have already learned and can demonstrate. They provide feedback to students, parents, and educators regarding individual achievement, inform instructional decision-making, and contribute to educational accountability.
Achievement tests can take various forms, such as standardized tests, teacher-made assessments, or performance-based evaluations. They are essential tools in evaluating educational outcomes, monitoring progress, and informing educational policies and practices.